A customer comes to you stating that his hard drive has crashed. He had backed up the hard drive, but some files on it were encrypted with Windows Encrypted File System (EFS). What do you need to do to be able to give him access to those restored encrypted files?
Nothing, they are unrecoverable.
You need the encryption key. If that was not saved/backed up, then there is no chance of recovery.
Nothing, when you restore, he will have access.
You need to make sure that when you restore, you give the new machine the same user account so that he can open the encrypted files.
Which of the following registry hives contains information about all users who have logged on to the system?
Which of the following steps should be performed in order to optimize a system performance? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose three.
Run anti-spyware program regularly
Defragment the hard disk drive
Edit registry regularly
Delete the temporary files
Fill in the blank with the appropriate file system. Alternate Data Streams (ADS) is a feature of the file system, which allows more than one data stream to be associated with a filename.
In a Windows 98 computer, which of the following utilities is used to convert a FAT16 partition to FAT32?
Adam works as a professional Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator. A project has been assigned to him to investigate an iphone, which is being seized from a criminal. The local police suspect that this iphone contains some sensitive information. Adam knows that the storage partition of the iphone is divided into two partitions. The first partition is used for the operating system. Other data of iphone is stored in the second partition. Which of the following is the name with which the second partition is mounted on the iphone?
John works as a Network Administrator for DigiNet Inc. He wants to investigate failed logon attempts to a network. He uses Log Parser to detail out the failed logons over a specific time frame. He uses the following commands and query to list all failed logons on a specific date:
logparser.exe file:FailedLogons.sql -i:EVT -o:datagrid SELECT
timegenerated AS LogonTime, extract_token(strings, 0, '|') AS UserName FROM Security WHERE EventID IN (529;
AND to_string(timegenerated,'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss') like '2004-09%'
After investigation, John concludes that two logon attempts were made by using an expired account. Which of the following EventID refers to this failed logon?
Victor is a novice Ethical Hacker. He is learning the hacking process, i.e., the steps taken by malicious hackers to perform hacking. Which of the following steps is NOT included in the hacking process?
Adrian, the Network Administrator for Peach Tree Inc., wants to install a new computer on the company's network. He asks his assistant to make a boot disk with minimum files. The boot disk
will be used to boot the computer, which does not have an operating system installed, yet. Which of the following files will he include on the disk?
IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, COMMAND.COM, and AUTOEXEC.BAT.
IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, and COMMAND.COM.
IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, COMMAND.COM, and CONFIG.SYS.
IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, COMMAND.COM, and FDISK.
Which of the following types of attacks cannot be prevented by technical measures only?
Ping flood attack
John works as a contract Ethical Hacker. He has recently got a project to do security checking for www.we-are-secure.com. He wants to find out the operating system of the we-are-secure server in the information gathering step. Which of the following commands will he use to accomplish the task? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose two.
A. nc 126.96.36.199 23
B. nmap -v -O www.we-are-secure.com C. nc -v -n 188.8.131.52 80
D. nmap -v -O 184.108.40.206
BETHESDA, MD Nov. 30, 2016 SANS Institute nowadays introduced that they'll present 100% scholarship-based cybersecurity working towards in the DC Metro area as a part of the VetSuccess Academy software.
The SANS VetSuccess Academy provides transitioning veterans and energetic responsibility military spouses with advanced technical training, industry-identified GIAC certifications, and connections to main employers in cybersecurity. For employers, the application is a sooner, more legit, and cheaper option to locate, instruct, certify and make use of certified cybersecurity ability.
Eligible contributors will take and complete the qualifying assessment and based on the outcomes, may well be invited to interview for the software. The utility process is now open and the remaining date to request the qualifying examination is Tuesday, February 14, 2017. the primary direction is scheduled to begin at Tysons nook, VA, on March 20, 2017.
"Transitioning veterans and their spouses are an ideal method to fill the hole in the give and demand for certified cybersecurity experts. Our VetSuccess Academy provides transitioning service individuals with positive talents and a superior profession path," said Max Shuftan, business construction manager of SANS CyberTalent. "Our VetSuccess application has been very successful to this point and we are blissful to help employers discover top notch new personnel with the expertise they require."
The VetSuccess Academy includes three world-category SANS Institute practicing classes and upon completion of each course; participants will take the linked GIAC examination earlier than beginning the subsequent path.
1. SEC401: SANS safety essentials Bootcamp trend (GSEC)
2. SEC504: Hacker tools, techniques, Exploits and Incident coping with (GCIH)
3. 3rd route chosen from five (5) electives:
"finishing the VetSuccess Academy now not handiest influenced my career plans, it defined them. The training and certifications opened doors that had been inaccessible to me otherwise," says Ed Russell, VetSuccess graduate and retired USAF Senior personnel Sergeant.
To gain knowledge of extra about the VetSuccess Academy, please seek advice from: www.sans.org/cybertalent or e mail email@example.com.
About SANS Institute
The SANS Institute became centered in 1989 as a cooperative research and schooling company. SANS is probably the most relied on and, via a long way, the largest issuer of cyber safety training and certification to experts at governments and industrial institutions world-vast. sought after SANS instructors train over 50 distinct courses at greater than 200 reside cyber safety practising pursuits in addition to online. GIAC, an affiliate of the SANS Institute, validates employee skills by means of 30 palms-on, technical certifications in advice protection. The SANS know-how Institute, a regionally authorised independent subsidiary, offers master's degrees in cyber protection. SANS presents a myriad of free substances to the InfoSec neighborhood together with consensus initiatives, research reports, and newsletters; it also operates the web's early warning equipment--the internet Storm center. on the coronary heart of SANS are the numerous protection practitioners, representing assorted global companies from establishments to universities, working collectively to help the complete tips security group. (www.sans.org)
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when you are attempting to find advanced cybersecurity capabilities, then a credential from the SANS Institute's GIAC application might also deliver exactly what you need for your IT safety career.
hundreds of counsel safety gurus world wide earned their “masters” level certifications through the SANS Institute’s world information Assurance Certification (GIAC) curriculum. The SANS GIAC software presents extremely specialized certifications designed to allow safety specialists the possibility to demonstrate their potential in niche fields of information protection.
whereas some of those certifications enchantment to widespread GCFA audiences and have thousands of certificates holders, others are enormously focused and have only a number of hundred holders. in this article, we assess the six most time-honored SANS GIAC certifications and clarify how they could enhance your suggestions know-how profession.
No. 1: GIAC protection essentials Certification (GSEC)
GIAC does present a couple of certifications which have mass market enchantment, and it’s no surprise that one among them is essentially the most customary GIAC certification. As of June 2015, 37,106 people held the entry-stage GIAC security essentials Certification (GSEC). That’s nowhere near the more than 100,000 people retaining the more accepted certified information methods safety skilled (CISSP) and more than forty five,000 individuals with the CompTIA safety+ credential. whereas CISSP and safety+ proceed to dominate the generic safety certification area, besides the fact that children, GSEC actually retains an honest market share.
earning your GSEC credential requires passing a single assorted-alternative exam given through a proctored testing core. The examination carries 180 questions and candidates have five hours to finished the examine. topics coated on the exam run the gamut of suggestions safety, from network security to hardening operating systems and handling safety incidents. earning the credential requires reaching a minimal passing ranking of 73 percent, which translates to providing correct solutions for 132 of the examination questions. students who need to take a complete GSEC prep route may additionally trust the SANS SEC401 path: security necessities Bootcamp vogue.
No. 2: GIAC certified Incident Handler (GCIH)
Given the variety of protection incidents stated in the media recently, there’s high demand for expert incident response personnel. That’s some of the causes that at least 25,546 people have earned the GIAC licensed Incident Handler (GCIH) certification. The GCIH examination covers the steps of the incident handling procedure, advantage about determining and detecting attacks and vulnerabilities and discovering the foundation motives of protection incidents to enhance controls and stop future incidents.
The GCIH exam, administered during the Pearson VUE proctored testing facilities, requires completing a one hundred fifty query exam within a four-hour time limit. Candidates need to achieve a passing rating of seventy two percent by answering 108 of the exam questions appropriately. Candidates may prepare for the GCIH through a combination of purposeful event, self-study GCFA and practising. SANS offers the SEC504: Hacker equipment, suggestions, Exploits and Incident handling direction this is specially tailored to the exam objectives.
No. 3: GIAC certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA)
The subsequent most frequent credential also covers the skills necessary within the aftermath of a safety incident. The GIAC licensed Forensic Analyst (GCFA) credential certifies that a person has the talents quintessential to bring together and analyze protection information from both windows and Linux techniques within the wake of an intrusion or different adventure. at present, eleven,028 individuals hold the GCFA credential. examination themes cover deep forensic competencies, including file carving and facts extraction, file device structures, buying and maintaining forensic photographs, conducting timeline evaluation and coping with unstable records.
The GCFA exam is shorter than different GIAC certification assessments, coming in at a hundred and fifteen questions administered over a 3-hour time period. Passing the examination requires answering eighty questions accurately to fulfill the passing ranking of 69 percent. Candidates getting read GCFAy for the GCFA examination may also take the SANS FOR508 course: superior Digital Forensics and Incident Response. This six-day path covers the complete examination targets.
No. four: GIAC licensed Intrusion Analyst (GCIA)
Coming in fourth is yet a different credential concentrated on reacting to a success protection assaults. The GIAC certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA) credential focuses on making certain that candidates have the capability to configure and computer screen intrusion detection methods, recognizing and decoding the signs of an assault. As of June 2015, 10,687 people hold the GCIA credential. The exam pursuits for GCIA are highly technical, zeroing in on the safety and networking potential required to work deeply with intrusion detection methods. issues covered on the examination consist of developing intrusion detection guidelines, the use of the Wireshark protocol analyzer, tuning IDS performance and correlating effects with output from other protection programs.
As with different GIAC certifications, incomes the GCIA credential requires completing a proctored exam. The GCIA examination contains a hundred and fifty questions administered over a four-hour time length. The passing score for this exam is 67 percent, corresponding to answering one zero one questions correctly to be part of the elite ranks of GCIA certified security authorities. Candidates in the hunt for a working towards course for this examination can also are looking to take the SANS SEC503 path: Intrusion Detection In-Depth.
No. 5: GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN)
It isn’t except we reach the fifth slot on the properly certifications listing that we find a really expert credential that basically specializes in combating assaults, instead of responding to a hit device breaches. The GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN) credential assures employers that a protection professional has the abilities essential to assess systems and networks to determine commonplace vulnerabilities. The examination itself covers penetration trying out innovations, felony issues, and technical processes to penetration checking out. As of June 2015, 9,574 individuals held the GPEN credential.
You likely received’t be shocked to learn that incomes the GSEC credential involves passing a diverse option examination! As with GCFA, the GPEN examination is on the shorter facet with 115 questions administered over a three-hour time length. The passing score for this exam is seventy four percent, requiring that candidates reply 86 questions appropriately. people may also put together for the examination with the SANS SEC560 path: community Penetration testing and ethical Hacking.
No. 6: GIAC safety management (GSLC)
Technical managers searching for to work in the tips protection field additionally might also need to certify their capabilities. The GIAC safety leadership (GSLC) credential is designed with these people in intellect. It encompass one of the technical subject matters discovered on the GSEC exam, comparable to community security, software safety and attack thoughts. in addition, candidates will discover quite a number security management subject matters that might be much less important for technical consultants. These consist of writing security coverage, managing criminal legal responsibility, conducting negotiations, leading workforce and knowing complete can charge of possession (TCO). As of June 2015, 8,724 people grasp the GSLC certification.
The numerous choice exam for the GSLC credential is available in on the lengthy side, with 150 questions. Candidates have 4 hours to correctly finished the examination by means of answering 102 questions appropriately to obtain a passing rating of sixty eight percent. college students preparing for the GSLC examination might also improvement from the SANS MGT512: SANS protection management essentials for Managers practising route. As with different SANS programs, this course takes location at many locations around the globe on a daily foundation.
The GIAC certification courses are one of the vital mainstay credentials of the assistance safety container. if you alread GCFAy grasp a base stage security certification, such because the safety+, CISSP or GIAC’s personal GSEC credential that demonstrates your bread GCFAth of safety advantage, since earning one of the most GIAC certifications to exhibit your depth in a single or more slim areas of technical advantage. in addition to the six universal credentials covered listed here, GIAC offers a wide variety of other certifications, protecting utility security, auditing, criminal issues, protection administration and other themes. There’s sure to be whatever of hobby to any one working in security!
concerning the creator
Mike Chapple is Senior Director for IT service start on the school of Notre Dame. Mike is CISSP licensed and holds bachelor’s and doctoral degrees in desktop science and engineering from Notre Dame, with a master’s degree in computing device science from the college of Idaho and an MBA from Auburn tuition.
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1 IT Audit/protection Certifications Kevin Savoy, CPA, CISA, CISSP Director of suggestions technology Audits Brian Daniels, CISA, GCFA Senior IT Auditor
2 Certs anybody? there are many certifications accessible for IT auditors. Some are very complex Some are very effortless Some are very Technical Some are very non- Technical Some are very applicable Some now not in any respect
three Certs any person? What does it all imply? we are able to stroll through a few of the most well-known audit certifications to help you determine a good way to support you the most CISA CISM CISSP GCFA CPA CIA vendor Certifications (Cisco, Microsoft)
5 licensed tips programs Auditor (CISA) CISA is run with the aid of ISACA considered a benchmark examination for IT/IS auditors Many employers now require it for job candidates Internationally diagnosed with more than 50,000 professionals incomes this certification global
6 CISA Areas of focal point CISA Job apply area 1 IS Audit process 2 IT Governance 3 techniques and Infrastructure Lifecycle administration four IT provider beginning and aid 5 protection of counsel assets 6 business Continuity and catastrophe recovery % of examination
7 who's ISACA information programs Audit and manage affiliation Created in 1967 overseas firm with 170 chapters in over 70 nations Chapters deliver their individuals with: schooling resource Sharing knowledgeable Networking etc.
8 CISA exam 4 hour time body 200 distinctive alternative questions best offered 2 times per 12 months, June and December must take it at an ISACA accepted trying out center In Virginia, only Richmond and Roanoke No obvious order to the question sequence ISACA member $410, Nonmember $530 store US $50 through registering on-line
9 CISA journey necessities at the least 5 years of expert assistance device auditing, handle or protection journey Can exchange 1 yr for old assistance techniques adventure or fiscal audit event Can replace 1-2 years for hours of faculty credit hours associates diploma = 1 year sub. credit Bachelor degree = 2 years sub. credit score should not have to satisfy event requirements to sit down for the examination, handiest to gain actual certification.
10 How do you hold the CISA? Adherence to Code of professional Ethics protection charge: $forty-ISACA member $70-non-member CPE requirements at least 20 hours per yr at the least a hundred and twenty hours in a fixed 3 yr duration You can be audited in your CPE hours.retain data!
11 How hard is the CISA examination? fairly difficult best ~50% flow fee each exam. must keep a good pace of as a minimum 50 questions per hour to get it executed. Don t let a query you don t know set you returned for a half an hour
12 What s it price? FROM COMPUTERWORLD, July 2007: A report released last week by using New Canaan, Conn.-primarily based Foote partners LLC suggests that formally licensed security professionals on standard are nevertheless commanding about 10% to 15% higher salaries than noncertified people in related roles among the many certification courses commanding the optimum premiums were certified advice techniques protection expert (CISSP), licensed guidance techniques Auditor (CISA) and certified counsel protection supervisor (CISM).
14 certified counsel safety manager (CISM) CISM is administered through ISACA Many employers now request it for supervisory assistance security job candidates more moderen Certification however Internationally recognized for counsel security administration with more than 7,000 authorities incomes this certification global after most effective about four years of existence
15 CISM Areas of focal point 2007 CISM Job practice Areas % of examination 1. tips protection Governance 2. counsel possibility management 3. tips protection application building 4. information protection application management 5. Incident management and Response 23% 22% 17% 24% 14%
16 CISM exam 4 hour time frame 200 diverse option questions most effective offered 2 instances per year, June and December ought to take it at an ISACA authorized checking out core In Virginia, most effective Richmond and Roanoke No obtrusive order to the question sequence ISACA member $410, Nonmember $530 keep US $50 by registering online
17 CISM adventure requirements at the very least 5 years of assistance protection work journey Can replace 2 years if you possess: CISA in respectable standing CISSP in respectable standing Masters diploma in counsel security or a connected field (MBA, MIS, and so on.) Can change 1 yr if you possess: One full year of counsel programs administration adventure ability-based security certifications (GIAC, MCSE, CompTIA security +, etc.) complete Substitution can handiest be 2 years even though. wouldn't have to satisfy adventure necessities to sit down for the exam, simplest to obtain genuine certification.
18 How do you maintain the CISM? Adherence to Code of professional Ethics maintenance charge: $40-ISACA member $70-non-member CPE requirements at least 20 hours per year at the least 120 hours in a hard and fast three 12 months period You could be audited on your CPE hours.maintain information!
19 How challenging is the CISM examination? fairly difficult best ~50-60% pass expense every examination. have to preserve a decent pace of at least 50 questions per hour to get it achieved. Don t let a question you don t know set you lower back for a half an hour
20 What s it price? (appear accepted?) FROM COMPUTERWORLD, July 2007: A file released closing week through New Canaan, Conn.-based mostly Foote companions LLC shows that formally licensed safety professionals on ordinary are nevertheless commanding about 10% to fifteen% better salaries than noncertified people in related roles among the many certification classes commanding the highest premiums had been certified suggestions techniques security expert (CISSP), certified suggestions systems Auditor (CISA) and licensed counsel security supervisor (CISM).
22 licensed suggestions methods protection skilled (CISSP) CISSP is run by way of ISC2 regarded a benchmark examination for IT security specialists (most fulfilling for mid- and senior-degree managers) Many employers now require it for job candidates Internationally identified with greater than forty nine,000 specialists incomes this certification worldwide
23 CISSP Areas of focus (Domains) 1. entry manage 2. software protection three. business Continuity and catastrophe recovery Planning 4. Cryptography 5. counsel safety and risk management 6. felony, regulations, Compliance and Investigations 7. Operations security 8. actual (ambiance) protection 9. safety structure and Design 10.Telecommunications and network safety
24 who is (ISC)2 international suggestions systems protection Certification Consortium (www.isc2.org) Non earnings organization based within the usathat has certified security specialists in over a hundred and twenty countries certified contributors have access to: schooling useful resource Sharing knowledgeable Networking profession job board
25 CISSP exam 6 hour time body 250 varied alternative questions (supplier impartial) provided many times per yr at varied websites across the nation charge $499 (early registration) or $599 (ordinary)
26 CISSP experience requirements at the very least 5 years of skilled full time security work with a purpose to sit for the examination (practitioner, auditor, consultant, investigator, or teacher) Can change 1 12 months for BS or BA or Masters in suggestions protection Can substitute 1 yr if grasp authorized certification (CISA, lots of the GIAC s reminiscent of GCFA, MSCA, MCSE and a lot of greater) for those who pass examination you have to be recommended by way of a existing (ISC)2 credential holder
27 How do you retain the CISSP? Adherence to Code of skilled Ethics CPE requirements as a minimum a hundred and twenty hours in a set three year period forty hours may well be non technical upkeep price of $eighty five You may be audited to your CPE hours.hold statistics! you could turn into licensed in concentrations once you have the CISSP
28 How tough is the CISSP examination? fairly challenging (greater technical than CISA) 60-sixty five% move cost every exam need to hold a good tempo of at least forty two questions per hour on commonplace to get it carried out Don t let a question you don t be aware of set you lower back for a half an hour
29 What s it value? the debate continues! CISA s and CISSP s are two of the maximum paid certifications: always averaging in the high $90 s reckoning on what analyze or who you discuss with. The on going on no account ending debate on whether certs are value it or not is dependent upon vantage aspect you're looking from (your compensation standpoint or from the hiring supervisor s perspective) Many downplay certs as being pointless as there are lots of who may flow a test but may additionally not be an authority. My take is that it as a minimum shows that you simply are interested in carrying on with to study GCFA your profession. My comeback to the above criticism is that a BS or MS or PHd does not always make you an authority either!
31 GIAC licensed Forensic Analyst (GCFA) GCFA is administered with the aid of GIAC (international tips Assurance Certification) and is given together with attending a six day SANS direction on computer Forensics targeted against those liable for forensic investigation/evaluation, advanced incident dealing with, or formal incident investigation exam content material is very technical, but additionally an excellent element of prison and coverage material as smartly abruptly turning out to be in significance, at the moment best about 2,600 individuals with GCFA certification
32 GCFA Areas of center of attention GCFA content material area 1 Forensic and Investigative necessities 2 Forensics Methodology Illustrated the use of Linux I 3 Forensics Methodology Illustrated the usage of Linux II four windows File programs Forensics 5 Incident Investigation & Forensics legal issues 6 advanced Forensics concepts examination #
33 who is GIAC? global guidance Assurance Certification Created in 1999 to validate true world potential of IT protection experts offer assessments in various content material areas including: methods Administration management Audit software protection GIAC tests are given in accordance with connected courses provided via SANS, which can be among the gold standard within the company for level of technicality and practicality.
34 GCFA exam 2 exams, 2 hour deadline for every examination seventy five diverse option questions about each and every exam, have to score a 70% on the exam Switching to Proctored checks at permitted locations Open booklet and Open Notes, but you are going to no longer be in a position to use Google or soar out to a command line to reply questions or look them up You can not simply reveal up with no need prepared it is more challenging on account of the open nature of the examination exam payment $499
35 GCFA event necessities You should attend the SANS security 508 direction entitled equipment Forensics, Investigation, & Response and take the tests inside 4 months finishing touch unhealthy information: This classification is offered via SANS for $2,500 three,500 respectable news: SANS EDU presents the class for constantly $600 $1,000 for EDU and native legislation enforcement extra $499 for the examination, constantly discounted in case you sign up on the category Virginia Tech provided it in the Spring of 2007, I took it at the tuition of Missouri in 2006 offered in Austin, Texas in Feb 2008 that may additionally have EDU pricing nonetheless TBD
36 How do you preserve the GCFA? need to retake the examination each 4 years The retake isn't watered down, however the same exam new candidates take that 12 months Recertification payment: $325 plus delivery for that years path books (for now may additionally trade) You don t have to take the SANS route once again, however they give you the books from it They try this as a result of they wish to be sure GCFAs reside up up to now due to the fact that the technology involved alterations so commonly.
37 How hard is the GCFA examination? Very technical in nature and also you stage of technical abilities will have an effect on your impression of the examination Take the apply exams seriously, as they're top notch coaching you can basically pass over 22 out of 75 questions on each and every exam and nevertheless pass. Don t dwell on a missed questions since they can help you understand as you go.
38 What s it price? depends upon your job The training by myself is very productive and constructive for a person who is responsible for the technical or the managerial aspect of forensics and incident response. Helps your credibility in courtroom circumstances if you're a certified professional, however identical to any certification, does not make sure that you always understand what your doing From eweek in June 2007 "we've been reporting for more than a year that pay for IT certifications has been on a gentle decline," remarks David Foote, Foote partners CEO and chief analysis officer.a couple of certifications, besides the fact that children, are preserving their own. IT experts with security certifications including all types of the CISSP, CISA, GSE, CISM, SSCP and GCFA earned 10 percent to 14 % premiums on their base pay over their non-certified counterparts.
forty licensed Public Accountant with licensed tips expertise expert credential (CPA/CITP) CPA/CITP is run by means of AICPA CPA regarded benchmark for accountants/auditors run with the aid of each state board of accountancy whereas the CITP is an add on credential from AICPA CPA not required for most IT audit positions even though it is frequently regarded a beautiful together with CIA or CISA or CISSP There are 650,000 CPA s with handiest 1000 or so keeping the CITP credential
forty one who is AICPA American Institute of certified Public Accountants (www.aicpa.org) AICPA contributors have entry to: schooling resource Sharing knowledgeable Networking
forty two CPA and CITP Areas of focal point CPA 1. Auditing & Attestation 2. fiscal Accounting & Reporting (enterprise agencies, not-for-income groups, and governmental entities) three. rules (expert obligations, business legislation, and taxation) 4. business atmosphere & ideas safety CITP 1. IT structure 2. company technique Enablement three. equipment development, Acquisition, Implementation and venture management four. suggestions systems management 5. techniques protection, Reliability, Audit and control 6. IT Governance and rules
43 CPA exam (new structure) 2 day examination, four constituents, may also be taken in my view provided again and again per yr at diverse sites around the nation at Prometric check centers or Board-operated sites. it's a computerized test. cost: around $550
44 CITP exam there's NONE You fill out and ship in an application that particulars your different IT certs, IT related CPE, college degrees, and billable and non-billable hours you have got labored in IT connected jobs. charge for preliminary software system is $550
forty five CPA necessities must have in most states completed a hundred and fifty semester hours of institution stage study GCFA. (Most are sitting with the 5 year BA/BS MS diploma) always should have at least 36 semester hours in accounting and forty or so in common enterprise
46 How do you preserve the CPA and CITP? Adherence to Code of knowledgeable Ethics for CPA CPE requirements for CPA at the least a hundred and twenty hours in a set 3 yr duration 20 hours minimal per 12 months AICPA dues and state license payment and $350 annual charge for CITP designation (must recertify CITP every 3 years as of now) You may well be audited in your CPE hours.preserve records!
forty seven How hard is the CPA exam? extremely difficult under 20% pass all components first time 40% circulate price every part
48 What s it value? CPA is the gold normal for accounting. Salaries mirror this. commonly IT audit includes realizing the fiscal approaches so the CPA is a plus for many employers. CITP doesn't seem to be catching on. Most CPA s who need to be worried in technology take a seat for the CISA and/or CISSP
forty nine CIA
50 licensed interior Auditor (CIA) CIA administered by IIA CIA regarded benchmark for internal auditors CIA not required for many IT audit positions although it is regularly considered a appealing together with CPA or CISA or CISSP
51 who is IIA Institute of inner Auditors is the expert association of internal audit profession (www.theiia.org) IIA participants have access to: training useful resource Sharing knowledgeable Networking
52 CIA Areas of focus 1. inside Audit activity s role in Governance, possibility, and handle 2. Conducting the inside Audit Engagement three. business evaluation and tips technology 4. company administration talents
fifty three CIA exam 2 day exam, 4 elements, can also be taken for my part, CPAs would not have to take a seat for fourth half. As of January 08 it could be provided many times per year at numerous sites across the nation. it is now a computerized examine starting in 08. cost: round $400
fifty four CIA requirements have to have achieved a four 12 months diploma to take a seat for the exam ought to have 2 years of audit journey to become licensed. Can do that after the look at various has been handed.
55 How do you keep the CIA? Adherence to Code of knowledgeable Ethics for CIA CPE requirements for CIA at the least eighty hours in a fixed 2 year duration You may be audited in your CPE hours.retain statistics!
fifty six How tough is the CIA exam? difficult forty eight% first time flow fee all parts
fifty seven What s it worth? CIA is the gold typical for inner accounting. Salaries reflect this. IT audit involves understanding the inside controls and techniques so the CIA is a plus for most employers. Is a great complementary cert to a more technical cert comparable to CISA or CISSP
fifty eight CCNA/MCSA
fifty nine Cisco certified community affiliate (CCNA) enormously Technical and appropriate for auditors doing heavy network machine audits of Firewalls, Routers, Switches, and many others. cloth mainly in line with Router Configuration exams redesigned after 11/6/07. multiple the way to certify: One composite examination of questions and lasting ninety minutes OR One ninety minute examination of questions and a second seventy five minute exam of questions Recertification is required each three years. assessments given at a checking out core. continually held by using networking gurus as a substitute of auditors.
60 Microsoft certified system Administrator (MCSA) moderately difficult, requires some specialized advantage of operating systems and Logical Networking Requires 3 core checks and an non-obligatory exam 2 Networking checks 1 customer working equipment exam 1 extra really expert non-compulsory examination assessments given at trying out core. checks considered legitimate as long as the exam taken remains valid. once it is retired, you need to update. additionally a specialization called MCSA: safety, that requires the three core exams to be taken, plus 2 more security tests checks taken for MCSA will count number against MCSE if so preferred
sixty one Contact data Kevin Savoy Brian Daniels