i found the entirety had to bypass 3101-1 exam here.
Hurrah! I have passed my 3101-1 this week. And I got flying color and for all this I am so thankful to Killexams. They have come up with so fabulous and well-engineered program. Their simulations are very much like the ones in real exams. Simulations are the main aspect of 3101-1 exam and worth more weight age then other questions. After preparing from their program it was very easy for me to solve all those simulations. I used them for all 3101-1 exam and found them trustful every time.
I am very happy with this 3101-1 exam guide.
Hello there fellows, just to tell you that I passed 3101-1 exam a day or two ago with 88% marks. Yes, the exam is hard and Killexams Q&A and Exam Simulator does make life simpler - a great deal! I think this unit is the unrivaled reason I passed the exam. As a matter of first importance, their exam simulator is a gift. I generally adored the inquiry and-answer organization and tests of different types in light of the fact that this is the most ideal approach to learn.
Can I find dumps questions of 3101-1 exam?
Thumb up for the 3101-1 contents and engine. really worth shopping for. no question, refering to my pals
Just try these braindumps and success is yours.
I didnt plan to use any brain dumps for my IT certification exams, but being under pressure of the difficulty of 3101-1 exam, I ordered this bundle. I was impressed by the quality of these materials, they are absolutely worth the money, and I believe that they could cost more, this is how great they are! I didnt have any trouble while taking my exam thanks to Killexams. I simply knew all questions and answers! I got 97% with only a few weeks exam preparation, besides having some work experience, which was certainly helpful, too. So yes, Killexams is really good and highly recommended.
What is easiest way to prepare and pass 3101-1 exam?
i am saying from my enjoy that in case you remedy the query papers one after the other then you'll actually crack the examination. Killexams has very powerful look at material. Such a completely useful and helpful internet site. thanks crew Killexams.
Very easy way to pass 3101-1 exam with q and a and Exam Simulator.
We need to learn how to pick our thoughts simply the equal manner, we pick out our garments everyday. that is the power we can habitat.Having said that If we need to do matters in our life, we must battle difficult to understand all its powers. I did so and labored hard on Killexams to find out terrific function in 3101-1 exam with the assist of Killexams that proved very active and top notch program to find out favored role in 3101-1 examination.It turned into a really perfect application to make my life relaxed.
Observed these maximum 3101-1 Questions in real test that I passed.
One of most complicated task is to choose best study material for 3101-1 certification exam. I never had enough faith in myself and therefore thought I wouldnt get into my favorite university since I didnt have enough things to study from. This Killexams came into the picture and my perspective changed. I was able to get 3101-1 fully prepared and I nailed my test with their help. Thank you.
Afraid of failing 3101-1 exam!
i might doubtlessly suggest it to my partners and accomplices. I were given 360 of imprints. i used to be enchanted with the outcomes I got with the help look at manual 3101-1 exam path material. I usually thought actual and extensive research have been the response to all or any exams, until I took the assistance of Killexams brain dump to pass my examination 3101-1. extremely satisfy.
Little observe for 3101-1 examination, first rate success.
The best preparation I have ever experienced. I took many 3101-1 certification exams, but 3101-1 turned out to be the easiest one thanks to Killexams. I have recently discovered this website and wish I knew about it a few years ago. Would have saved me a lot of sleepless nights and grey hair! The 3101-1 exam is not an easy one, especially its latest version. But the 3101-1 Q and A includes the latest questions, daily updates, and these are absolutely authentic and valid questions. Im convinced this is true cause I got most of them during my exam. I got an excellent score and thank Killexams to making 3101-1 exam stress-free.
3101-1 exam is no more difficult with these QAs.
Hearty thanks to Killexams team for the Question & Answer of 3101-1 exam. It provided excellent solution to my queries on 3101-1 I felt confident to face the test. Found many questions in the exam paper similar to the guide. I strongly feel that the guide is still valid. Appreciate the effort by your team members, Killexams. The process of dealing subjects in a unique and unusual way is superb. Hope you people create more such study guides in near future for our convenience.
Which two statements describe Inter Gateway Alternate Routing (IGAR)> (choose two)
IGAR Is used In single-server system with IP WAN connected bearer traffic between port networks or media gateways
IGAR provides multiple alternate IP WAN routes based on bearer traffic and SLAs.
IGAR Is multiple gateways used In multi-server systems over dedicated network segments
IGAR Is used In Single-server systems with unusually high latency LAN-
IGAR provides an alternate PSTN connection when the IP WAN is incapable of carrying the bearer traffic.
Answer: C, E
A subscriber is locked out of the messaging system after three unsuccessful login attempts. The administrator needs to unlock the subscriber’s mailbox. Which basic parameter from the messaging/Administration> Subscriber management > Manage > menu should the administrator edit to unlock the subscriber’s mailbox?
Basic Information > Locked? = yes
Basic Information > Locked = no
Basic Information > password
Custom COS Permissions > Trusted Server Access = yes
Custom COS Permissions > Trusted Server Access = no
Avaya Communication Manager uses the International Telephone union’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) Recommendations for Voice over IP (VoIP) Which two ITU-T protocols suites does Communication Manager use? (Choose two)
A. SIP B. H.323
TCP E. H.248
Answer: B, E
A subscriber is locked out of messaging system after three unsuccessful login attempts. The administrator needs to unlock the subscriber’s mailbox. Which basic parameter from the Messaging/Administration> Subscriber management > Manager > Manage > menu should the administration edit to unlock the subscriber’s mailbox?
Basic Information> Locked? =yes
Basic Information> Locked? = no
Basic Information > password
Custom COS Permissions> Trusted Server Access = Yes
Custom COS Permissions> trusted Server Access = no
Avaya Aura Communication Manager 6.x designed to preserve calls during a failover and failback. Which statement describes call preservation during failover and failback?
Only internal calls are preserved
Only external calls are preserved
Stable calls are preserved under certain conditions
All calls are preserved regardless of origination, destination, or call type
Users at a branch office report that they can make and receive calls, but the system is behaving differently:
Caller ID previously displayed on incoming outside calls but does not now
The name and number of the calling party displays on internal calls but is different now Users can place callers on hold, but there is no music on hold while the caller is waiting What condition explains the system behavior?
An Enterprise Survivable Server (ESS) has taken over functionality
Standard Local Survivability (SLS) has taken over functionality
A Local Survivable Processor (LSP) has taken over functionality
The media Gateway Controller (MGC) list is net administered
You have a problem with a system and you know that you need to view a log of captured data. However, you are unsure of what kind of information the logs on the Diagnostics > system Logs (SMI) page capture.
With reference to the exhibit, which document contains descriptions of these logs?
Communication Manager Alarms
Communication manager Procedures
Communication Manager server Alarms
Communication Manager Denial Events
A customer is reporting an out of range temperature alarm. Where would a technician go to validate and troubleshoot the alarm?
System Access Terminal (SAT): display alarms
System Management Interface (SMI) Current Alarms/Server Alarms
System Management Interface (SMI) Current Alarms/ CommunicaMgr Alarms
System Access Terminal (SAT): displays events
Which audit checks and deletes new, old, and unopened messages that exceed maximum retention time?
Mailing List Audit
Personal Directories Audit
Which two functionalities does Avaya Aura® Utility Server provide? (Choose two)
Station and voice mailbox integration
TN circuit pack firmware upgrades
HTTP server to facilitate gateway firmware upgrades
TFTP server to facilitate gateway firmware upgrades
HTTP server to facilitate IP telephone settings updates
Answer: D, E
Avaya 3101-1 Exam (Avaya Aura Communication Manager and CM(R) Messaging - Embedded Maintenance and(R) Troubleshooting) Detailed Information
Credentials & Certifications
Sharpen Your Technical Skills—Get Certified on Avaya Solutions
Professional Credentials and Technical Certifications
For every level of knowledge and expertise, Avaya certification programs can enhance your ability to effectively deploy and use Avaya communications applications and technology.
Programs are available by area of focus and for different skill levels. Courses include rigorous study and hands-on learning, complimented by a blend of online tests and proctored exams to validate your competencies. Certifications require passing scores on all examinations.
Maintain Your Market Edge
The skills and knowledge you demonstrate through certification can help you make an immediate impact on current projects. Plus, you gain resume-worthy, career-building skills. You’ll be better able to sell, design, implement and maintain Avaya Solutions while teaching others new skills along the way. Certification shows you are motivated, experienced, and committed to achieve excellence in your field. Avaya Professional Credentials and Certifications are recognized across the globe.
The Avaya Professional Credential Program is designed to ensure individuals have the knowledge and skills to successfully sell, design, implement, and maintain Avaya products and solutions that exceed customer expectations.
The Avaya Professional Credential Program consists of Sales, Design and Support Credentials and distinguishes between Solution Credentials and Product specific Credentials.
To learn more about the Program select the individual graphics above or the workbook tabs.
Avaya Professional Credentials and Certifications
The Avaya Professional Credential Program consists of Sales and Services Credentials, and uses a blend of Online Tests and Proctored Exams to validate competencies. Refer to the Avaya Professional Credential Program Overview for details.
In support of the credential program, Avaya Learning offers a wide variety of training content to meet the needs of our Partners, Customers, and Associates.
Fundamental to all Avaya Professional Credentials is a solid understanding of the core technologies upon which the products and solutions are built. Avaya recommends the programs of leading industry players to provide foundational knowledge: WestNet Learning (Foundational Technology Expert) and The SIP School (SSCA).
Avaya Professional Credential Program
Note: Some credentials are available only to Avaya Partners and Avaya Associates. Please
read the following credential descriptions to confirm eligibility.
The Avaya Professional Credential Program is designed to ensure individuals have the knowledge and
skills to successfully sell, design, implement and maintain Avaya products and solutions that exceed
customer expectations. The Avaya Professional Credential Program currently consists of Sales,
Design, and Services Credentials and distinguishes between Solution Credentials and Product
Sales & Design Credentials
Avaya Engagement Solutions Certifications
Avaya Engagement Solutions Certifications
ACDS - Avaya Certified Design Specialist
ACSP - Avaya Certified Sales Professional
Avaya Product Professional Credentials
APDS - Avaya Professional Design Specialist
APSS - Avaya Professional Sales Specialist
ACSS - Avaya Certified Solution Specialist
ACIS - Avaya Certified Integration Specialist
Avaya Product Certifications
ACSS - Avaya Certified Support Specialist
ACIS - Avaya Certified Implementation Specialist
Avaya Product Professional Credentials
ASPS - Avaya Support Professional Specialist
AIPS - Avaya Implementation Professional Specialist
Avaya uses a blend of Online Tests and Proctored Exams to validate competencies. Professional Specialist
credentials are awarded based upon passing Online Tests. Certified credentials incorporate Proctored Exams
and Online Tests as a requirement to earn the credential.
For a complete listing of Avaya credentials by product / solution area, please visit the Avaya Professional Credential
Program page on the Avaya Learning Center at www.avaya-learning.com.
Fundamental to all Avaya Professional Credentials is a solid understanding of the core technologies
03 October 2016 v1 3
upon which the products and solutions are built. Avaya recommends the programs of leading industry players
to provide foundational knowledge: WestNet Learning (Foundational Technology Expert) and The SIP School
In support of the Credential Program, Avaya Learning offers a wide variety of training content to meet the
needs of our Partners, Customers, and Associates.
Avaya Professional Sales Specialist (APSS)
APSS validates a candidate has a basic-to-intermediary level of knowledge to sell Avaya products and customer focused
An Avaya Professional Sales Specialist understands the competitive global landscape, evaluating customer needs,
identifying and recommending the right Avaya solution and communicating its business value.
APSS Credentials use online tests, are valid for 2 years and are reserved exclusively for Avaya Channel Partners and
Exception: APSS – Avaya Aura® Application Server 5300 (APSS -1101) remains a one year credential until
Avaya Professional Design Specialist (APDS)
APDS validates a candidate has an introductory level of technical proficiency necessary to create specific
designs and build foundational knowledge for solution designs based on the customer requirements.
The Avaya Professional Design Specialist has the skills and knowledge necessary to review a customer’s
current configuration, understand their future needs and design an Avaya solution for today and tomorrow. The
Design Specialist creates architectural designs and migration strategies ensuring both integration to current
networks and future readiness of customer communication solutions.
APDS Credentials use online tests, are valid for 2 years and are reserved exclusively for Avaya Channel
Partners and Associates.
Avaya Certified Sales Professional (ACSP) In planning
ACSP validates that the candidate has achieved an advanced understanding of and competence in Avaya
Sales skills and processes for sales strategy and deployment.
Avaya Certified Sales Professional (ACSP) curriculum for Avaya Engagement Solutions captures both the
Avaya Sales approach and the Engagement Solutions for both Avaya Associates and Business Partners.
Building upon the foundation established with the Avaya Professional Sales Specialist (APSS) curriculum,
students completing the ACSP curriculum will be able to sell and position solutions that address the
customer’s issues and objectives.
ACSP Credentials use proctored exams, are valid for 2 years and are reserved exclusively for Avaya Channel
Partners and Associates.
Note: The ACSP credentials are currently being planned and not fully released.
03 October 2016 v1 4
Avaya Certified Design Specialist (ACDS)
ACDS validates that the candidate has an intermediary level of technical proficiency necessary to
create specific greenfield, upgrade and migration solution designs based on the customer business
Avaya recognizes that individuals responsible for designing customer solutions demonstrate
advanced Sales Engineering skills and therefore should be distinguished with a credential that
signifies their achievement.
ACDS Credentials use proctored exams and online tests, are valid for 2 years and are reserved
exclusively for Avaya Channel Partners and Associates.
Note: The ACDS portfolio has undergone a major redesign to provide the Avaya Sales Engineer
(SE) community a growth path to mastery in Avaya Engagement Solutions. The ACDS curriculum
for Avaya Engagement Solutions instills a common methodology and approach to solution design
across the entire SE community and builds upon the foundation established with the Avaya
Professional Design Specialist (APDS) curriculum.
Avaya Implementation Professional Specialist (AIPS)
AIPS validates a candidate has achieved an enhanced level of proficiency focused on installing,
configuring, and troubleshooting a specified Avaya product or product family.
The Avaya Implementation Professional Specialist can implement, validate and troubleshoot the
installation of a single product, single system or product family. The Implementation Specialist installs
hardware and software, configures the solution, performs initial administration and acceptance testing
to diagnose and correct installation issues.
AIPS Credentials use online tests, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
Avaya Support Professional Specialist (ASPS)
ASPS validates a candidate has achieved an advanced understanding of and competence in
troubleshooting, maintaining and administration of Avaya industry leading communications products.
The Avaya Support Professional Specialist gathers and interprets system data, identifies issues and
makes changes to ensure maximum availability and performance of a customer’s network. The
Support Specialist uses their advanced Avaya troubleshooting, maintenance and administration
capabilities to efficiently and accurately resolve customer’s communication issues.
ASPS Credentials use online tests, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
03 October 2016 v1 5
Avaya Certified Implementation Specialist (ACIS)
ACIS certifies a candidate has achieved an enhanced level of proficiency focused on installing, configuring, and
troubleshooting a specified Avaya product or product family.
The Avaya Certified Implementation Specialist can implement, validate and troubleshoot the installation of a single product,
single system or product family. The Implementation Specialist installs hardware and software, configures the solution,
performs initial administration and acceptance testing to diagnose and correct installation issues.
ACIS Certifications use proctored exams, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
Avaya Certified Support Specialist (ACSS)
ACSS certifies a candidate has achieved an advanced understanding of and competence in troubleshooting,
maintaining and administration of Avaya industry leading communications products.
The Avaya Certified Support Specialist gathers and interprets system data, identifies issues and makes changes to
ensure maximum availability and performance of a customer’s network. The Support Specialist uses their advanced
Avaya troubleshooting, maintenance and administration capabilities to efficiently and accurately resolve customer’s
ACSS Certifications use proctored exams, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
Avaya Certified Integration Specialist (ACIS)
ACIS certifies a candidate has achieved a level of proficiency required to integrate and implement core and complex
solutions based on reference architectures from Avaya customer scenarios.
The Avaya Certified Integration Specialist demonstrates the integration of enterprise architecture solutions in order
to install, validate, and troubleshoot the implementation. The Integration Specialist holds a technical ability at a level
that ensures the successful integration, configuration, and support of the solution reference architectures.
ACIS Certifications use proctored exams and online tests, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
Avaya Certified Solution Specialist (ACSS)
ACSS certifies a candidate has achieved an intermediate - advanced level of proficiency required to diagnose,
isolate and support multi products within Avaya solution architecture.
The Avaya Certified Solution Specialist comprehends the methodology to isolate and diagnose single and multiple
problems within the enterprise solution architectures, technologies and protocols. The Solution Specialist holds a
technical ability at a level that ensures the successful maintenance, and support of solution architecture.
ACSS Certifications use proctored exams and online tests, are valid for 2 years and are open to all audiences.
To obtain an ACSS credential individuals need to hold the relevant ACIS credential.
03 October 2016 v1 6
About Avaya Learning
Avaya Learning develops and delivers industry leading training for Avaya products and solutions. Avaya Learning
specifically focuses on Avaya’s product launches, sales force and channel enablement - including solution and
executive selling, skills development and certification. Avaya Learning uses a blended learning approach offering a
combination of self-paced, virtual interactive and classroom learning environments to maximize effectiveness and
decrease time required to reach proficiency.
Avaya Learning supports and maintains the Avaya Learning Center where both course details and information on the
Avaya Professional Credential Program can be found
3101-1 exam :: Article by ArticleForgepattern last examination Finance 3101 (1) - Finance 3101 sample...
Finance 3101 sample examination name ________________________________ 1. decide upon the neighborhood the place no longer all phrases belong collectively. (a) stocks; equities; residual claim (b) confined legal responsibility; shares; enterprises (c) bonds; coupon quotes; dividends (d) bonds; debt; loans 2. Mary could be coming into school in three years. currently annual lessons is $25,000 and is due originally of the educational year. If training is scheduled to raise at a 5% annual fee, how a great deal need to Mary’s parents have obtainable initially of Mary’s freshman and junior years, respectively? (a) $28,941; $31,907 (b) $28,750; $31,250 (c) $40,000; $50,000 (d) $31,907; $28,907 3. Which of the following is right related to a common give-demand diagram? (a) there's downward pressure on price when expense is under the equilibrium fee. (b)At a value above equilibrium, there is excess demand. (c) portions supplied and demanded are measured vertically. (d)After an increase in supply, quantity provided exceeds volume demanded at the customary equilibrium price. (e) An upward shift in the give curve represents an increase in deliver.
3101.1 quick download examination Questions and solutions Free Certification exam
issuu company brand
Arts & entertainment
fashion & trend
domestic & backyard
go back and forth
fitness & fitness
meals & Drink
faith & Spirituality
family unit & Parenting
sign up check in sign up
Plans & Pricing
advertise with us
help & help
797 VA For trace evaluation
system is processing data Please download to view
$(document).in a position(characteristic()
$size_embed = $('#embed_size').val().break up("x");;
$read 3101-1er_embed2 = $read 3101-1er_embed.exchange(".html", ".html?t=quantity");
$read 3101-1er_embed2 = $read 3101-1er_embed2.replace("width", $size_embed);
$read 3101-1er_embed2 = $read 3101-1er_embed2.exchange("height", $size_embed);
$read 3101-1er_embed2 = $read 3101-1er_embed2.replace("number", $('#embed_start').val() );
Metrohm brings to u Stripping voltammetry for Voltammetric hint analysis of metal ions and other components...locate more www.metrohm.in
1. 797 VA ComputraceThe all-circular instrument for voltammetry
2. 797 VA Computrace in brief02 The 797 VA Computrace is a latest voltammetric meas- uring stand that's linked to a laptop by the use of a USB port. TheThe new potentiostat with galvanostat developed into theinstrument guarantees extraordinary sensitivity with computing device application supplied controls the measurement, records decreased noise. The interesting Multi-Mode Electrode (MME) the measuring data and evaluates it. as a result of the well-laid- and rotating disk electrodes (RDE) made from quite a lot of out application structure operation is terribly handy. All thematerials can be found as working electrodes. strategies described in the Metrohm software Bulletins and application Notes are preinstalled. probably the most essential purposes Stripping voltammetry CVS EXPLORATORY Voltammetric hint analysis ofCyclic Voltammetric Stripping for The Metrohm concept for electro- metal ions and different supplies the decision of components in chemistry practising electroplating baths
3. 03HighlightsThe 797 VA Computrace opens up new percentages:• Voltammetric trace evaluation and additive choice in electroplating baths with asingle instrument• fantastic sensitivity thanks to a mixture of the pleasing Multi-Mode Electrode withthe newly designed potentiostat• Automation with the 863 Compact Autosampler or 838 advanced sample Processor• statistics archiving in the database software Autodatabase with report generator• greater than 220 crucial analytical methods are presented• Output of the effect in as many codecs as required• unique EXPLORATORY mode mainly designed for training students in technical collegesand universities. greatest in mixture with the Metrohm monographs «Introduction toPolarography and Voltammetry» and «functional Voltammetry»• developed-in excellent assurance with GLP mode, individual rights of entry for each user andautomatic electrode examine• elementary operation because of the naturally laid out person interface oriented on Windowsoperating techniques
4. software 1 – voltammetric trace analysis04 analysis of heavy metals – total concentration ... For a fraction of the purchase fee of an AAS or ICPHigh ionic concentrations? No difficulty with VA!Samples with high ionic concentrations aren't any difficulty instrument it is viable to perform metallic analyses with for voltammetry. This means that voltammetry is predes- the same or more advantageous sensitivity. The handiest issue requiredtined for the evaluation of: other than small amounts of reagents is a small volume of pure nitrogen. No expensive flammable gases, no • Water, wastewater and seawater specifically developed fume hoods in the laboratory, no • Salts, pure chemical substances costly metallic vapor lamps.• Electroplating baths• Foodstuffs ... and speciation Spectroscopic strategies can handiest determine the total con- centration of the metals. With voltammetry it is also feasible to distinguish between numerous oxidation states Detection limits of metal ions or between free and bound metallic ions. This AntimonySbIII/SbV 200 ppt III V allows for statements to be made in regards to the organic avail- Arsenic As /As100 ppt potential and toxicity of heavy metals and makes this tech-Bismuth Bi500 ppt nique a helpful tool for environmental evaluation. In con-Cadmium Cd50 ppt trast, spectroscopy requires advanced separation of ChromiumCrIII/CrVI 25 ppt the metal species earlier than similar statements can beCobaltCo50 ppt made.CopperCu50 pptIronFeII/FeIII 50 pptLeadPb50 pptMercury Hg100 pptMolybdenumMoIV/MoVI50 pptNickelNi50 pptPlatinumPt 0.1 pptRhodium Rh 0.1 pptSeleniumSeIV/SeVI 300 pptThalliumTl 50 pptTungstenW 200 pptUranium U 25 pptZincZn 50 ppt1 ppt = 1 ng/kg
5. 05Specific evaluation of biological compoundsNot most effective metals, however additionally numerous organic com-kilos may also be determined via voltammetry. VA can beused in biological chemistry, e.g. for the analysis of con-taminants, or in pharmaceutical chemistry for the deter-mination of the energetic substance concentrations.Examples of pleasing functions:• four-Carboxybenzaldehyde in terephthalic acid• Free styrene in polystyrene• nutrition in juices, nutrition preparationsDetermination of anionsA range of particular anions can even be decided voltam-metrically. Of specific pastime is the analysis of theenvironmentally central species cyanide, sulfide ornitrite and nitrate.
6. application 2 – CVS for the determination of organic components in electroplating baths06 Cyclic Voltammetric Stripping analysis (CVS) and Cyclic Pulse Voltammetric Stripping evaluation (CPVS) are greatly essentially the most crucial fields of utility for the formulation are: used strategies in the electroplating trade for the deter- mination of organic components in electroplating baths. For• Acidic copper baths many technical coatings, in particular within the manufacture• Tin-lead baths and tin baths of PCBs and semiconductor add-ons, this formulation is• Alkaline zinc baths a vital part of creation control. The quantitative decision of the additive is carried out indirectly by the use of Quantification of the quite a lot of sorts of additives requires its have an impact on on the deposition of the leading component ofspecial calibration thoughts: the so-referred to as brighteners the electroplating bathtub. as the dimension is according to are decided using the Linear Approximation method an electrode response that corresponds to the creation(LAT) or Modified Linear Approximation approach process, the endeavor of the additive and hence its useful- (MLAT). The decision of the suppressors is carried ness in the galvanization manner may also be measured out by way of Dilution Titration (DT), the choice of degree- at once. ers by using means of the Response Curve (RC). In these analyses a simple, amazing and affordable rotat- ing disk electrode made of platinum is used. The electro- chemical conditioning of the electrode, which is neces- sary before each dimension, is a part of the determina- tion formula. it's repeated automatically unless the measured cost continues to be steady. With CVS or CPVS the concentration of the additive can be decided with advanced accuracy. The beneficial con- centration of the particular additive in the tub pattern is shown and printed out directly in mL additive per L bathtub liquid. This ability that topping as much as the preset bath awareness will also be performed very accurately. This ensures continuous and interference-free operation of the unit. In selected, the accuracy of the analytical effects has helped the system to become frequently authorised in the electroplating trade. different strategies, e.g. the classical Hull cell method, don't allow the con- centration to be determined, however simplest give an investigate- ment of the best of the deposited metal layer.
7. 07One of the preinstalled strategies is loaded to elevate outthe determination. once a number of parameters have beenadapted, the analysis can also be started. further applica-tions with the corresponding strategies are available inthe Metrohm application Bulletins and ApplicationNotes; these can also be accessed on our website.The biological additives may also be determined either manuallyor instantly, counting on the quintessential samplefrequency for monitoring the electroplating system.options can also be introduced automatically with the aid of capacity ofmodel 800 Dosino dosing systems; absolutely computerized sys-tems will also be realized with the 838 advanced VA SampleProcessor, which allows for colossal series of samples to beanalyzed.
eight. utility 3 – 797 VA Computrace as a training tool08 EXPLORATORY is the software a part of the 797 VA Com- putrace peculiarly designed for practicing applications. It isface and ease of operation make the instrument theperfect tool for fingers-on training in voltammetry in uni- characterised with the aid of its clear design and intuitive operation. versities, technical schools, vocational schools and also The experimental parameters and the linked voltam- in creation facilities. mograms can also be checked at a single look. user inter- within the EXPLORATORY mode right here present measuring concepts are available: Sampled DC Direct existing DP Differential pulse SQWSquare wave (based on Osteryoung) AC Alternating existing (1st and 2nd harmonic, phase-selective) CV Cyclic voltammetry NP commonplace pulse PSAPotentiometric stripping evaluation (stripping chronopotentiometry with chemical oxidation) CCPSAConstant present potentiometric stripping analysis (stripping chronopotentiometry with oxidation/reduction through constant existing) CVSCyclic voltammetric stripping (cyclic voltammetry for resolution of components in electroplatingbaths) CPVS Cyclic pulse voltammetric stripping (pulse chronoamperometry for determination of components inelectroplating baths) EXPLORATORY is curve-oriented. Voltammograms and EXPLORATORY can additionally consider the measured curves: as their linked parameters are shown in 2 adjacent win- in resolution the peak or wave evaluation can also be dows. at the conclusion of the measurement the circumstances can performed immediately or manually after displacing the be distinctive and the altered signal recorded. The distinctive foot points. voltammograms may also be superimposed for direct com- parison.
9. 09These aspects make the EXPLORATORY a part of the pro- Voltammetry». teachers can select single experiments orgram highly helpful in constructing and optimizing meth-come to a decision to do all 13 experiments in their consecutiveods for the quantitative determination of supplies. Theorder, as they decide upon. particular description of the problemoptimized voltammetric parameters can be acceptedto be solved and references to the literature are followeddirectly within the choice method in the software half by means of examples of curves and options. hence, the basicDETERMINATION. switch from resolution totheoretical information is supplied in a compact method.EXPLORATORY is additionally feasible.Even technicians working in an analytical laboratory will locate that the monograph carries helpful advice forThe shown curves can also be exported to other professional-their each day work.grams, e.g. text processing programs, by the use of the Windowsclipboard. The curves can even be stored as a file and thelist of measuring points can also be exported in ASCII for-mat.purposeful VoltammetryMetrohm presents both monographs «useful Voltam-metry» and «Introduction to Polarography and Voltam-metry» for use with the 797 VA Computrace in voca-tional practising. The «Introduction to Polarography andVoltammetry» is offered in compact form on much less than60 pages. probably the most crucial existing measuring tech-niques and the diverse working methods used inpolarography and stripping voltammetry are defined.The monograph «functional Voltammetry» describes 13experiments for practicing in voltammetry. it's an idealcomplement to «Introduction to Polarography and
10. 797 VA Computrace10 guide or computerized Even without further add-ons the 797 VA Compu- trace is a completely functioning analytical gadget that meets the optimum demands concerning accuracy and sensitivity. an excellent bigger degree of comfort will also be finished with the help of a lot of add-ons.
eleven. computerized addition of auxiliary options withmodel 800 Dosino dosing programs 11The voltammetric resolution takes place with the aid of standardaddition or calibration curve und and may be carried outautomatically if model 800 Dosinos are used. Connectionsare accessible for a maximum of three 800 Dosinos. Ofcourse, all other auxiliary solutions similar to buffers orcomplexing brokers can even be delivered automatically.absolutely computerized analysis of small series ofsamples with the 863 Compact AutosamplerThe 863 Compact Autosampler enables wholly automatictrace analyses. it is relevant for the exact and reproduc-ible investigation of several samples. The sample rackaccommodates a maximum of 18 samples. The developed-inperistaltic pump of the 863 Compact Autosampler trans-fers them from the turntable into the measuring telephone ofthe 797 VA Computrace, the place they're analyzed.838 advanced VA pattern Processor – thoroughly auto-mated CVS analysisIn aggregate with the 838 advanced VA sample pro-cessor it is feasible to carry out absolutely automated determi-nations of biological components in electroplating baths. Amaximum of 56 samples can be analyzed for their sup-pressor content; the brightener content of as much as 28samples can also be determined immediately. Of courese,the 838 advanced VA pattern Processor is additionally suitablefor hint analysis.automatic rinsing of the measuring cell with843 Pump StationRinsing and emptying the measuring mobile after eachanalysis may also be conducted immediately via the 843Pump Station. This option is attainable for each manuallyoperated techniques and, of direction, for VA Computracesystems with an Autosampler. The reproducible and effi-cient rinsing procedure minimizes carryover and in this wayincreases the accuracy of the analyses.AutodatabaseThe evaluation information can either be stored individually on thehard disk or in a database the usage of the Autodatabase gentle-ware with document generator. With Autodatabase all thedata may also be assessed at a single look and individuallyarranged printouts can be generated.
12. MVA – Metrohm VA systems12 comprehensive voltammetry techniques – the appropriate gadget for each applicationMVA systems for the CVS techniqueMVA-12 – our advice for the The MVA methods are equipped-to-use applications, which might be choice of components through CVS custom-made to suit specific applications. All you've got Partly automated 797 VA Computrace device for the to do is connect your package to a laptop and you may startcomfortable choice of additives by using CVS working. each MVA gadget comes with all of the quintessential accessories. MVA accent kits increase capabilities of the MVA basic device to swimsuit special purposes. MVA programs for voltammetric trace evaluation MVA-2 – partly automated hobbies hint evaluation computerized addition of auxiliary solutionsMVA-12 is the commonplace gadget for the pursuits determi-nation of organic components in single samples withoutusing a pattern changer. It permits determinations withhardly any work required on the part of the operator. Theautomatic addition of auxiliary solutions corresponding to VMS,intercept or general options is performed by using model800 Dosinos. For the determination of brighteners only MVA-2 is a straightforward-to-use VA system for the hobbies analy- the sample must be delivered manually; even this step is sis of traces of heavy metals in environmentally relevantautomatic when suppressors are being determined. If the samples or in production manage. just add the pattern to optional rinsing equipment is used, the measuring vessel the measuring mobilephone from a pipet and begin the evaluation.can also be rinsed instantly after each decision. The relaxation of the decision takes location immediately. This system is meant for users who require based andMVA-13 – utterly computerized resolution of convenient operation at a beautiful cost, without hav-organic additives in collection of samples ing to use a pattern changer. wholly automatic system with pattern changer for CVSanalysis in the movements laboratory MVA-3 – utterly automatic evaluation of small series of samples MVA-3 is the optimum 797 VA Computrace system forMVA-13 is our high-end system for determining additives entirely automated trace evaluation. One or two parametersin electroplating baths. The the samples are supplied can also be determined in small series of as much as 18 samples. immediately by the 838 advanced VA pattern Processor. The samples are placed on the sample rack of the 863 The suppressor content of a highest of 56 samples can Compact Autosampler. switch and evaluation of the sam- be analyzed. When making a choice on brighteners up to 28 ples takes area instantly, managed by way of the utility samples will also be analyzed. The possibility of recalibrating of the 797 VA Computrace.strategies within a collection of samples ensures outstand-ing accuracy. it's also feasible to combine differentmethods in a single measuring technique. With the aidof the 843 Pump Station the measuring vessel is emptiedand rinsed automatically after each and every pattern.
13. MVA accessory kitsMVA accessory kits will also be used in combination with allMetrohm MVA fundamental techniques to prolong their range of 13applications.MVA-Hg – comprehensive accent equipment for thevoltammetric decision of mercuryMVA-Hg consists of a complete set of electrodes for thedetermination of mercury by means of stripping voltammetryaccording to software Bulletin 96. It carries all thenecessary add-ons that are not blanketed within the stand-ard machine of the Metrohm VA instrument. Thesecomprise a rotating gold electrode, a glassy carbon aux-iliary electrode and a reference electrode.MVA-As – comprehensive accessory package for thevoltammetric choice of arsenicMVA-As contains an entire set of electrodes for thedetermination of arsenic with the aid of stripping voltammetryaccording to utility Bulletin 226. It carries all thenecessary add-ons that don't seem to be included within the stand-ard gadget of the Metrohm VA instrument. Thesecomprise a rotating gold electrode, a glassy carbon aux-iliary electrode and a reference electrode.MVA-CVS – finished accent kit for thedetermination of additives in electroplating bathsby CVSMVA-CVS carries the finished set of electrodes neces-sary for the choice of components in electroplatingbaths by the CVS technique. It carries the entire necessaryaccessories; these include a rotating platinum electrode,a platinum auxiliary electrode and a reference electrode.MVA-CVS makes it possible for the resolution of biological additivesin combination with the techniques MVA-1, MVA-2 andMVA-3.MVA-UV – 705 UV Digester for the digestion ofaqueous samplesMVA-UV consists of a 705 UV Digester for the elegantsample practise of water samples with a slight tomedium toxins load. it's the most appropriate addition to allMetrohm VA techniques used for checking out natural waters orpolluted water samples.
14. fine assurance – no difficulty with the 797 VA Computrace14 access rights entry rights to every software part can be freely described for every person. This enables easy person man- agement. Validation with the GLP Wizard The application instantly exams the validation inter- vals of the evaluation equipment and informs the person. each and every document indicates no matter if the validation continues to be valid. The GLP Wizard guides the consumer step-by way of-step through the various validation tests and instantly evaluates their validity. prognosis The constructed-in analysis program allows for the individual com- ponents of the instrument to be checked. This diagnosis is a part of the GLP Wizard, nevertheless it can also be carried out independently. Electrode test The electrodes used are automatically checked before every determination. If complications turn up then the misguided electrode is identified and the fault proven on the display. This verify can, of course, be prompted manually to check the system.Curve evaluationThe utility of the 797 VA Computrace automaticallyevaluates the measured curves and calculates the finalresult. The algorithm has been absolutely revised andfunctions even more reliably. among different issues, theautomatic removal of outliers has been implemented.The calculation of the last attention has additionally beenperfected. This has led to a considerable growth inthe reproducibility and accuracy of consequences.licensed qualityThe 779 VA Computrace and its software have beendeveloped and are manufactured in line with the excessive-est quality necessities, which we assure via issuing aquality certificate. The reference electrode and the elec-trolyte and typical options contained in the accesso-ries can be recognized with the aid of their serial number and aresupplied together with someone certificates.
15. utility BulletinsMetrohm has posted about 50 application Bulletins describing polarographic or voltammetric strategies. The examination-ples shown here display simply how versatile voltammetry is.15Application Bulletin No. software Bulletin No.Water, wastewater, environmental protectionMetals, electroplatingAluminum in water samples131 Formaldehyde in options and plating baths 196Nitrite in water samples 127 Molybdenum in substances with high iron content132Chromium in water samples116 Thiourea in electroplating baths192Cyanide in water samples 110Iron and manganese in water samples123 prescribed drugs, biologyCopper, cobalt, nickel, zinc and iron in foodstuffsChromium in water samples and biological substances 116and water samples114 Cinchocaine in pharmaceuticals251Molybdenum in water samples146 Diazepam in physique fluids 250Nitrate in water samples70 Folic acid (vitamin B9, nutrition Bc) in mono vitaminNTA and EDTA in water samples seventy six pills 215Platinum in environmentally crucial matrices220 Nitrate in soil, vegetation, vegetable juices, meat,Mercury in water samples96 sausages 70Thallium, antimony, bismuth, iron, copper, vanadiumPyridoxine (nutrition B6) in nutrition preparations 224in water samples74 Riboflavin (diet B2) in diet preparations 219Zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, thallium, nickel, cobaltSelenium in a lot of matrices117in water samples 231 Thiamine (vitamin B1) in vitamin preparations 218Titanium and uranium 266 Plastics, petrochemicalsFood and drinks4-Carboxybenzaldehyde in terephthalic acid190Ascorbic acid (diet C) in foodstuffs andLead in mineral oil items 50pharmaceuticals98Formaldehyde in plastics and textiles 196Release of lead and cadmium from from crockery Styrene in Polystyrene and blended polymers 136and glassware 105Cadmium, lead and copper in foodstuffs after commonplace chemistrydigestion 113Lead and tin in quite a few awareness ratios 176Quinine in drinks and drugs 126Cadmium, cobalt, copper, iron, nickel, lead, zinc inCystine and Cysteine simultaneously in biologicalsemiconductors 147samples 191Mercury 96Nicotinamide in fruit juices and vitamin preparations 213Silver in water, foodstuffs and wastewater 207Tocopherols (diet E) in edible fats and oils97Application NotesThe utility Notes present purposes in compactform. There are at the moment about a hundred and eighty software Notes inEnglish for voltammetry; these are supplied in printedform along side the instrument. they can additionally bedownloaded from the cyber web below www.metrohm.com. The methods for carrying out these applicationsare blanketed in the software of the 797 VA Computrace.
sixteen. 16 standards a lot of standards describe voltammetric strategies for the determination of traces of metallic and organic compounds. A small alternative is given below: ISO 713 Zinc – determination of lead and cadmium contents. Polarographic system ISO 3856-4Paints and varnishes – determination of «soluble» metallic content. part four. determination of cadmium content. Flame atomic absorption spectrometric formula and polarographic system. ISO 6636-1Fruits, vegetables and derived products. decision of zinc content material. half 1. Polarographic system. EPA 7063Arsenic in aqueous samples and extracts via anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) EPA 7472Mercury in aqueous samples and extracts through anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) EPA 7198Cr(VI) in water by polarography ASTM D 3557-02Standard check methods for cadmium in water ASTM D 3559-03Standard check strategies for lead in water AOAC 968.16 Fumaric acid in food. Polarographic method. AOAC 972.24 Lead in fish. Polarographic formulation. AOAC 972.46 Bismuth compounds in medication AOAC 979.17 Lead in evaporated milk and fruit juice DIN 38406, Teil 16Determination of 7 metals (Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, Tl, Ni, Co) in water via voltammetric strategies DIN 38413, Teil 5 EDTA and NTA in water samples HMSO/Br.Dept.Env. steel ions in marine and different waters: Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, V, Ni, Co, U, Al, Fe
17. Technical speciﬁcations797 VA ComputraceMaterials Voltammetric measuring stand with developed-in potentiostat and galvanostat. Housing: polyurethane hard foam (PUR) with flame insurance policy for hearth class 17 UL94VO, CFC-free Base plate and measuring head arm: metallic, stove-enameledWorking electrodes 6.1246.020 Multi-Mode Electrode (MME), pneumatically operated as DME, HMDE or SMDE; requires mercury 99.9999% and nitrogen ninety nine.995%, whose force should be decreased with a reduction valve to 1.0 ±0.2 bar (one hundred ±20 kPa). Rotating disk electrodes (RDE) with exchangeable electrode information made from a lot of substances: «extremely hint» graphite, glassy carbon, gold, silver, platinum.Reference electrode6.0728.020 Ag/AgCl/KCl three mol/L with 6.1245.010 electrolyte vesselAuxiliary electrodes 6.0343.000 Platinum auxiliary electrode with plastic shaft 6.1241.020 + 6.1247.000 Glassy carbon auxiliary electrode (alternative)StirrerSpeed 200 to 3000 min–1 velocity steadiness ±5% material PETMeasuring mobile Working extent 10...70 mL, 50...150 mL (choice: 5 mL … 70 mL). Measuring telephone with thermostat jacket as alternative (thermostatting through exterior instrument – no longer included)Potentiostat/galvanostat Voltage latitude ±5 V Output voltage±12 V existing range ±eighty mA existing dimension 7 stages (10 nA to 10 mA) Sweep price (CV) <1 mV/s...3 V/s (at 1 mV resolution) <1 mV/s...35 V/s (at 10 mV decision)power give Voltage one hundred...240 V Frequency 50...60 Hz power consumption one hundred twenty VATemperatureNominal working latitude 0...45 °C at 20…80% rel. humiditySafety specificationsConstruction and testing as per IEC 61010/EN 61010/UL 3101-1, coverage type 1Dimensions Width 258 mm peak 245 mm (with cowl utterly raised approx. 630 mm) Depth 535 mmWeight without accessories 9.7 kgPC requirementsFor excellent functioning we advocate a Pentium III processor with a clock expense of1 GHz or greater. working system: Microsoft WindowsTM 2000, XP skilled orVista (32 bit version handiest) with here configuration:RAM256 MBProgram files30 MBHard diskMin. 200 MB freeGraphics adapter/screenMin. decision 1024 x 768 pixel or higherPrinterAny supported with the aid of WindowsTMConnection 1 free USB interface
18. Ordering assistance, options18 2.797.0010797 VA Computrace797 VA Computrace for voltammetric trace evaluation. Measuring stand with constructed-in potentiostat andgalvanostat. Three-electrode device with Multi-Mode Electrode (MME), Ag/AgCl reference electrodeand platinum auxiliary electrode. Extendable for rotating disk electrode (RDE). includes comprehensiveaccessories for comprehensive setup of measuring place. 2.797.0020 797 VA Computrace for the replacement of older Metrohm voltammetry devices alread 3101-1yequipped with a multi-mode electrode. With fewer add-ons than 2.797.0010; the accessories ofthe present VA stand are used in its place. 2.797.0030 797 VA Computrace for CVS (Cyclic Voltammetric Stripping) for the analysis ofadditives in electro plating baths. Measuring stand with developed-in potentiostatand galvanostat. Three-electrode equipment with rotating platinum diskelectrode (Pt-RDE), Ag/AgCl reference electrode and platinum auxiliaryelectrode. Extendable for Multi-Mode Electrode (MME). Includescomprehensive accessories for complete setup of measuring vicinity. OptionsAutomatic solution addition 2.800.0010 800 Dosino 6.3032.a hundred and twenty Dosing Unit 2 mL (glass) for DosinoAn 800 Dosino with Dosing Unit have to be used for each and every auxiliarysolution to be added. A maximum of three Dosinos may also be linked.pattern changers863 Compact Autosampler 2.863.0020 863 Compact Autosampler (VA) 2.843.0040 843 Pump Station (membrane) 2.843.0140 843 Pump Station (peristaltic)838 advanced sample Processor 2.838.0310 838 advanced VA pattern Processor 2.843.0040 843 Pump Station (membrane)
19. 19 accessories for rotating disk electrodes (RDE)6.5327.000 MVA-Hg accessory kit for the resolution of mercury, for 2.797.0010, 2.797.0020 and a couple of.797.0030. complete gadget with gold RDE, Ag/AgCl reference electrode, glassy carbon auxiliary electrode, measuring telephone.6.5327.010 MVA-As accessory kit for the choice of arsenic, for two.797.0010, 2.797.0020 and a couple of.797.0030. complete gadget with aspect-hooked up gold RDE, Ag/AgCl reference electrode, glassy carbon auxiliary electrode, measuring phone.6.5327.020 MVA-CVS accessory package for the resolution of components in electroplating baths by CVS (Cyclic Voltammetric Stripping) for two.797.0010 and a pair of.797.0020. complete device with platinum RDE 6.1204.one hundred ninety, Ag/AgCl reference electrode, platinum auxiliary electrode, measuring phone. Electrode information for rotating disk electrode (RDE) The shaft of 6.1204.190 «ultra trace» RDE tip is made from glass, the other RDE guidance encompass PEEK (polyetheretherketone). the following applies to the RDE tips listed beneath (observe exceptions, even though): shaft diameter 7 mm, diameter of the energetic zone: 2.0 ±0.1 mm. Exceptions: Diameter of the active zone of the counsel 6.1204.a hundred and fifty and 6.1204.170: three.0 ±0.1 mm; diameter of the energetic zone of the tip 6.1204.190: 1.0 ±0.02 mm, shaft diameter 7.75 mm.6.1204.a hundred and ten Glassy carbon tip for RDE6.1204.a hundred and eighty «ultra trace» graphite tip for RDE6.2802.020 polishing set for renewing the floor of the «extremely trace» graphite tip6.1204.120 Platinum tip for RDE, now not polished6.1204.130 Silver tip for RDE6.1204.a hundred and forty Gold tip for RDE for mercury determination6.1204.150 Gold tip for RDE for arsenic resolution with side-mounted gold surface6.1204.one hundred sixty Platinum tip for RDE, polished, for CVS, 2 mm6.1204.one hundred seventy Platinum tip for RDE, polished, for CVS, three mm6.1204.one hundred ninety Platinum tip for RDE, polished, glass, for CVS Drives for rotating disk electrode (RDE)6.1204.210 pressure for rotating disk electrode (RDE) with titanium axle6.1204.220 drive for rotating disk electrode (RDE) with titanium axle and mercury contact
20. subject to changeLayout by means of Ecknauer+Schoch ASW, printed in Switzerland by means of Metrohm AG, Herisau8.797.5002EN – 2009-08 www.metrohm.com
Endangered Monkey Dies whereas present process tests
An endangered South American monkey affected by congestive heart failure died Monday while undergoing a cardiac ultrasound examination, a la health center spokeswoman observed. Cheyenne, a 15-year-historical purple uakari primate, was pronounced useless at 1:45 p.m., spoke of clinic of the good Samaritan spokeswoman Susan Tombrello.
Two weeks in the past, the monkey was suggested to be suffering from expanding weak point, a swollen stomach, lethargy and labored respiration. Zoo veterinarians examined her, and in keeping with the symptoms and X-ray effects, diagnosed her with congestive heart failure, l. a. Zoo spokeswoman Lora LaMarca said.
The ultrasound exam would have recognized the particular nature of her coronary heart disorder and would have enabled veterinarians to tailor a treatment plan for Cheyenne. "unfortunately she become below anesthesia throughout the exam and she simply on no account got here out of it." stated zoo veterinarian Jeff Boehm.
development of latest Persistency Values and analysis of fairness to Optimize business earningsNo outcome found, are attempting new key phrase!construction of new Persistency Values and evaluation of fairness to Optimize company earnings with the aid of Monica ... 2883 1997, 1998 2202 3100, 3101 1 2 3 4 20.00 9.00 four.00 three.00 19.sixty seven 8.95 four.00 three.00 12.00 8.00 4.00 three.00 19.67 8.95 4.00 three.00 15.00 7.50 5.00 2.50 19.67 ...